This article was published as the Editorial of Criminal Justice Matters, No.60 Summer 2005
Punishment before justice? highlights concerns arising from the expansion of financial penalties to tackle `disorderly behaviour' and issues relating to the operation of the scheme. PNDs, the briefing argues, unjustly subject recipients to punishment. They also create a new class of the semi-criminal, who face being put on the fast-track to arrest, prosecution and punishment.
Professor David Downes and Dr Kirstine Hansen present a brief outline of findings from their research, which explores the relationship between welfare expenditure and levels of punishment.
They begin by examining research on welfare spending and imprisonment rates across US states and replicate this work using data from 18 countries, including the United Kingdom. The results show that welfare provision relates significantly to penal policy and practice, as measured by the scale of imprisonment, and indicate that welfare cutbacks imply penal expansionism.
Debating youth justice: From punishment to problem solving is a collection of essays by leading experts from the UK and abroad.
The publication came out of a public debate the Centre held in October 2006, prompted by Rob Allen's earlier report - From punishment to problem solving - published by the Centre in September 2006.
Contributions to this collection are: