Justice Matters aims to turn this belief into action.

Unnecessary suffering

The starting point of Justice Matters is simple: criminal justice is far too big; far too costly; far too intrusive. Far from being a means of delivering social justice, it is the cause of much social injustice. The large footprint in society occupied by the combined criminal justice institutions is profoundly socially harmful.

The criminal justice process inflicts unnecessary suffering on many thousands of suspects, defendants and convictees every year. This suffering is experienced very differently depending on your position in society: for instance whether you are young or old, black or white, male or female, rich or poor.

The collateral damage of the criminal justice process is also profound. A criminal record is a life sentence for many: an ongoing obstacle to participation in work and the wider community. Families and communities whose loved ones are arrested, prosecuted, imprisoned and supervised experience deep and lasting loss. Collateral damage is also found in the stress experienced by many victims of crime, whose traumas and distress are often left unresolved, and in the dissatisfaction of witnesses, whose experience of the criminal justice process can be so negative.

Criminal justice also crowds out other, more innovative, just and effective policy and practice solutions to the problems our society faces. It is good at punishing certain individuals and groups. It fails to prevent social problems from arising, or to resolve those that occur.

Reforming criminal justice

There are many excellent and inspirational individuals and organisations working to address specific criminal justice harms:

  • challenging miscarriages of justice;
  • campaigning on discriminatory police stop and search;
  • supporting families whose loved ones have died in custody;
  • helping ex-prisoners and their families to rebuild their lives.

Others offer vital support to those victims of crime recovering from life-changing trauma and violence, or to witnesses who have an important story to tell.

We admire and respect the work of those seeking to reform the criminal justice process, to make it more responsive to the needs of victims and witnesses and to ensure that those caught up in its coils as suspects, defendants and convictees are treated with dignity and respect.

Justice Matters does not deny the importance of this work. It will also not seek to duplicate or compete with it. We recognise that respect for human rights and the rule of law are fundamental features of a healthy society that is responsive to human dignity and needs.

The Justice Matters initiative is in favour of a much smaller criminal justice footprint in society and the development of an alternative set of justice policies and practices that are a proportionate response to the harms that people experience.

Downsize, build, transform

Justice Matters has a threefold focus: downsize, build, transform.




We will develop ideas to downsize fundamentally criminal justice in the United Kingdom.

We are interested in exploring an across the board reduction in the social footprint occupied by criminal justice.

This means fewer arrests; fewer prosecutions; fewer prisoners; fewer probationers. It also means fewer criminal justice workers, whether police officers, judges and magistrates, prison and probation officers or others.

We will explore options to build policy and practice alternatives to criminal justice.

This is not about enhancing the capacity of criminal justice agencies to address the needs of those convicted of offences.

It is about rethinking the configuration of policy and practice – for instance in housing, education, health, social security and employment – so that many current criminal justice responses are not required at all.

We will develop an evidenced agenda to transform policy and reduce reliance on criminal justice.

This means a sustained change in the way that problems currently managed by criminal justice are dealt with.

The long-term goal is much smaller criminal justice institutions that treat all subject to them with dignity and respect and a comprehensive set of services and interventions that respond to human need and promote well-being.

A shared endeavour

We are making a long-term commitment as an organisation to sustaining and delivering on this ambitious agenda. We know that we do not have the monopoly of wisdom. Over the course of this initiative we aim to build strong, sustained and significant partnerships with a range of like-minded individuals and organisations committed to fostering lasting and long-term change.