Before the Strangeways protests, children were incarcerated with adults.
In recent times there have been increasing calls for zero tolerance of physical violence in prisons in the UK.
On the first day of the Strangeways protest, in April 1990, one prisoner declared that, ‘We are having no more. We are not animals, we are human beings’.
In 1988, Partners of Prisoners (POPS) established itself in Manchester as a local support group for families of prisoners.
Since the first national penitentiary, Millbank, opened on British soil in 1816, the debate in England and Wales over what prisons are actually for, and what they should try to achieve, has continued almost unabated.