Poverty kills, yet rarely seems to provoke the political and public outrage that conventional `crime' often does. In this What is crime? briefing Social harm and crime at a global level we publish an edited transcript of a lecture given by Dr David Roberts at King's College London in April 2009.
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This briefing focuses on the human costs of air pollution and failed attempts to adequately regulate and control such harm. In his report, Professor Reece Walters highlights the fact that an estimated 24,000 British residents die prematurely every year and thousands more are hospitalised, because of air pollution. Furthermore, the European Union is currently preparing a legal case against the British government for repeatedly breaching pollution levels.
Our 2008/2009 Annual Report
There is little evidence to support police-led interventions to tackle knife violence, research from the Centre for Crime and Justice Studies has concluded.
Following a comprehensive review of gun and knife crime strategies, conducted for the Children's Commissioner for England, the report - Young people, knives and guns - concludes that a `zero tolerance' approach to weapon possession `is ineffective in reducing crime or changing attitudes' among young people.
Policy, purpose and pragmatism: dilemmas for voluntary and community organisations working with black young people affected by crime explores the experiences of voluntary and community organisations (VCOs) that are predominantly working with black young people affected by crime in England.
Partners or Prisoners? Voluntary sector independence in the world of commissioning and contestability, a Centre for Crime and Justice Studies report on the voluntary sector's involvement in the criminal justice system.
Government attempts to slow a rapidly rising prison population by a reformed, and credible, community sentences framework has largely failed, according to a report published by the Centre for Crime and Justice Studies. Indeed there is evidence that the Community Orders and Suspended Sentence Orders, which came into effect in April 2005, are contributing to the rise in prison numbers, rather than helping to arrest its growth.
This initial assessment of criminal justice resources, staffing and workloads was carried out during October and November 2008 by the Centre for Crime and Justice Studies for a group of professional bodies and trade unions representing those who work in the criminal justice system.
Community Sentences Digest highlights that in 2007, 162,648 people started court orders in the community, the highest ever recorded number. It represents a 36 per cent increase in the decade since 1997. The orders include both community sentences and Suspended Sentence Orders.
Engaging communities with the criminal justice system can be achieved by providing the public with clear information about sentencing.